Résumé / Abstract Seminaire_GReCO

"Critical phenomena in gravitational collapse"

J. M. Martín García
Lab. Univers et Théories (LUTH), Obs. Paris-Meudon-Nancay (Meudon, France)

As first discovered by Choptuik, the black hole threshold in the space of initial data for general relativity shows both surprising structure and surprising simplicity. Universality, power-law scaling of the black hole mass, and scale echoing have given rise to the term critical phenomena. They are explained by the existence of exact solutions which are attractors within the black hole threshold, that is, attractors of codimension one in phase space, and which are typically self-similar. Critical phenomena give a natural route from smooth initial data to arbitrarily large curvatures visible from infinity, and are therefore likely to be relevant for cosmic censorship, quantum gravity, astrophysics, and our general understanding of the dynamics of general relativity.
This talk is an introduction to the field of ""Critical Phenomena in Gravitational Collapse"". After presenting with some detail the case example of scalar field collapse, we shall review our current understanding of the problem, mostly based on numerical simulations of gravitational collapse in spherical symmetry. Recent results, open problems and probable future lines of research will also be addressed.

lundi 6 octobre 2008 - 11:00
Salle des séminaires Évry Schatzman,
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris

Page web du séminaire / Seminar's webpage